Adult Dog and Cat Nutrition - Bedford Highway Veterinary Hospital

Bedford Highway Veterinary Hospital

936 Bedford Highway
Bedford, NS B4A 3P1


resized to 300 pixels wideWhat should I feed my adult dog or cat?

The important thing to consider when feeding your adult pet is preventive care. By feeding a nutritious, preventive diet, you can help your pet's adult years be happy and healthy ones. Adult pets need less protein than puppies or kittens do, but more protein than seniors do. It is important to use a balanced diet which provides enough energy for an active adult, but not so high in calories that the pet becomes obese!

We strongly recommend feeding a veterinary quality diet. Nutrition is important in all stages of life, and preventive nutrition now can lengthen your pet's life span so you can enjoy your pet for many years to come.

For most adult pets, we recommend either Medi-Cal Preventive or Medi-Cal Dental. Other pets may require special weight control or reducing diets due to obesity. Obesity is one of the most common medical problems seen by veterinarians. Many owners are unaware that their pets are overweight at all. While it may not seem harmful for pets to be overweight, obesity can lead to many other health problems including diabetes, heart disease and arthritis in later years.

Some dog breeds like Labrador Retrievers and Pugs are so prone to obesity that we recommend a low calorie diet like Medi-Cal Weight Control/Mature starting at one year of age. For pets that are experiencing more advanced stages of obesity, Royal Canin Calorie Control offers an excellent low calorie diet which will help melt those pounds away.

The other most common disease found by veterinarians is dental disease. While often signs of advanced tooth decay do not occur until the senior years, an ounce of prevention is worth many pounds of cure. Adulthood is the time to fight dental disease. Unfortunately, once tartar has formed, the only way to remove it properly is with a sedation and dental scaling. If the tooth decay is too advanced, the teeth may have to be removed. If this is not done, bacteria from the oral cavity can spread throughout your pet's body, causing systemic infections, diabetes, heart and kidney disease. Many owners do not realise how important dental health can be to the overall health of their pet - after all, people brush regularly and visit the dentist at the first sign of tooth pain, so we rarely experience teeth as terrible as veterinarians see every day.

Purebred pets are especially prone to bad teeth, especially certain breeds like Poodles and Siamese. To reduce plaque and tartar build-up, we often recommend Medi-Cal Dental or Hill's t/d as adult preventive diets. The larger kibble size and special formulations help scrape away tartar and prevent the build-up of plaque. Medi-Cal Dental is also very low calorie, making an excellent option for dogs prone to obesity. While nothing can work quite so well as routine tooth-brushing, these dental diets will help prolong the time before your pet needs a dentistry, and will reduce the chances of expensive extractions being necessary when that time does come.